Picture Banner for SECC K12 Site

Effects of CC on SE body


SE Temperature Trend

Figure A: Annual Average Temperature of Southeast United States For Period 1895-2009; Trendline Shows a Decrease in Average Temperature

Temperature Changes

Although annual average temperatures across much of the United States are expected to increase in the future, over the past 100 years annual average temperatures in the Southeast have decreased slightly as shown in Figure A. This cooling has been attributed partially to changes in land use over time from bare fields of cotton and row crops in the early 20th century to the present forest stands, which are cooler and moister than open fields. 

Over the last 40 years, however, temperatures have increased throughout much of the Southeast.  This is true even in rural areas away from cities and suburbs which are becoming more urban in nature over time.  Winters are becoming milder, but the summers are also becoming more sweltering.  In parts of the Southeast, like northern Georgia, there are 20 fewer days below freezing each year than there were 40 years ago.  The number of days above 90°F is expected to almost triple over the next 100 years.  This could cause heat stress not only for humans, but animals and crops as well.

Precipitation Pattern Changes

Map of changes in precipitation by season.

Figure B
http://www.globalchange.gov/publications/reports/scientific-assessments/us-impacts

Generally, for everyone outside of Florida fall is becoming wetter and all other seasons are the same or becoming drier.  Annual average rainfall in many locations is nearly constant, but the rains  have been falling in more intense and short-lived episodes, with longer dry spells in between.  In some locations rainfall is becoming heavier, but occurrences of drought have also increased by about 10% in the past 40 years.  Global climate models have a difficult time predicting whether the rainfall in the Southeast will increase or decrease in the next 100 years, however, because the physical processes that form clouds and rain in the computer models are highly variable and do not do a good job of simulating even the current rainfall well.  While water supply from reservoirs is likely to be adequate under good management practices and conservation efforts, more frequent droughts or large population increases will stress the ability of water utilities to meet everyone's needs.

Sea Level Rise

Changing Shoreline over many centuries

 Figure C
Image from Carrie Thomas

 

There is a potential for the sea level to rise by about two feet off the Southeast coast over the next one hundred years.  Not only could this flood low lying areas like barrier islands, but it could also increase the salinity in estuaries, wetlands and tidal rivers.  It could also increase vulnerability of coastal areas to the damaging effects of storm surge. Low lying areas that currently flood during heavy rains would likely flood more frequently, and others that don't currently flood may start to experience flooding.

Hurricane Intensity Increases

There is some theory and scientific evidence that hurricanes will increase in intensity in the next hundred years.  This would mean more strong hurricanes (CAT3+), and storms that form would have stronger winds and the associated storm surge would be higher, pushing more water inland before and during the storm.  This coupled with sea level rise could spell catastrophe for some coastal communities in the Southeast.

Last modified date: Tuesday, July 3, 2012 - 12:33pm